How To Put Out a Fire Without a Fire Extinguisher
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How To Put Out a Fire Without a Fire Extinguisher

Having a fire extinguisher is around the house is a smart idea. Unfortunately, there is not always one available which means you may need to use household ingredients.

Most fires happen unexpectedly in a home. Whether you have a poor electrical system or your fire is started while you are cooking, you will have to think fast. Many people do not keep fire extinguishers in their home because they think that a fire will never happen to them. Although it is very important to own a fire extinguisher and know how to use it, there are ways you can put that flaming fire out with items around your home.

Sand: Sand or dirt is a great way to put out a fire if you don’t have a fire extinguisher. If you are outdoors when the fire takes place simply grab a bucket of sand out of your child’s sandbox, or some dirt out of the flower garden. Thinking quickly and throwing the dirt onto your fire will surely put it out quickly.

Water: Water will put out your fire as long as its not an electrical fire. Pouring water on a fire that started electrically could be very dangerous. To put out a fire with water, fill a bucket and quickly dump it over the fire continuing to fill buckets.

Water though can be very dangerous, as it can splash the fire and cause it to spread. Not a good idea.

Baking Soda: This is a common ingredient that is found in most homes in the pantry. When baking soda is heated it produces CO2 gas, which is found in a fire extinguisher. Since the fire is getting carbon dioxide, it is not receiving the amount of oxygen it needs for the fire to stay burning. Simply pour as much baking soda that is needed to put the fire out.

Salt: Salt is another household ingredient that you can use to put out a fire. Salt suffocates heat by minimizing the oxygen that it needs. All fire extinguishers are made with both salt and baking soda. Adding water to your salt may help the fire diminish even faster as it will smother the flames and turn them into ashes

Blanket: If you have no other options, grab a blanket, coat or a rug that isn’t flammable and smother it over the fire. Be sure to not lift the blanket up for at least 5 minutes. A fire needs oxygen to breathe, and lifting the blanket up would give it more oxygen to stay burning. Be extremely careful if using a blanket, as hot fire may cause the blanket to flame up. However, trying to put it out with a blanket is better than nothing.

Microwave Fires:

If something in a microwave catches fire, keep the door to the microwave closed. Opening the door will cause the fire to spread and get worse. By keeping the door closed, that gives the fire a lack of oxygen. Of course turn off the microwave right away. And if possibly unplug it from the AC outlet. But be careful, if the cord is hot, it can melt in your hand and cause an electrical shock.

In a Pot:

If something in a pot catching fire, the best thing to do is put the lid of pot on right away. Once again, the lack of oxygen can help put out a fire.

Further Tips

 Never fan a fire with a towel, as that can cause the fire to spread, and never use flour to put out a fire, as it can explode and make the fire far worse. If a fire starts in the oven, keep the door closed and turn it off. Always remember, fires feed on oxygen and by opening the door, will cause more oxygen to feed the fire.

Call 911 and get out of the home.

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Comments (7)

Useful tips.Thanks

Yeah, very good list; great article!

Excellent advice and another excellent article.

Good article on some alternatives to extinguishing a fire.

Smart and wise advice. Well done! Promoted since I am out of votes.

Excellent tips, but hopefully I will never need to use them! Thanks for the info.

I agree with the other comments above - excellent tips which everyone should know.